Timelines & Tours

Select the History Cookbook tab on Cookit! for quick educational references. Enjoy food facts and cooking videos from different time periods including:


by Rena


1860s New Cooking Gadgets

  • Eggbeater with rack-and-pinion movement
  • Chuck wagon 1866

1860s New Foods

  • Perrier water
  • Canned pork & beans
  • Canned soup
  • Tabasco Sauce
  • White Rock Spring Water
  • Peerless Wafer
  • Cold breakfast food (Granula)
  • Gulden Mustard Fish & Chips (England)
  • Folgers coffee (pre-roasted & ground)
  • McDougall flour (English) in US
  • Peanuts as snack food
  • Text printed on “Conversation” candy
  • Fleischmann’s compressed yeast
  • Eggs Benedict (Delmonico, 1860)

1860s New Food Companies

  • Arm & Hammer
  • Cargill
  • Bassett
  • Schrafft
  • DelMonte
  • Bay Sugar Refining
  • Royal Baking Powder
  • Chase & Sanborn
  • Goodman’s Matzohs
  • Ghiardelli
  • Nestle
  • Tobler
  • Armour meat-packing factory: 1868
  • Chicago Union stockyards: 1865
  • Louis-Dreyfus, grain trader

1860s Food Industry Beginnings

  • Pasteurization – sterilization by heat & pressure: 1864
  • Demonstration of starch produced by photosynthesis
  • Roller mills (stone)
  • Flour mill with middling (bran & outer grain layer) purifier
  • “Patent” flour (double ground)
  • Mechanical refrigerator: 1861
  • Ice machine: 1865
  • Ovaltine testing
  • Salmon cannery: 1864
  • Tin can with key opener
  • Thinner steel for cans
  • Machine-cut cans
  • Calcium chloride added to boiling water, speeding canning time
  • US Pretzel bakery 1861

1860s Farming Progress

  • US Department of Agriculture Homestead Act
  • Marsh reaper
  • Check-row corn planter
  • Massachusetts Agricultural College (UMass)
  • British Food & Drugs Act
  • Union starves South during Civil War
  • Wheat futures
  • Wide-scale cattle theft (rustling)
  • Steam trawlers import fish to England (thus, “fish & chips”)

1860s Timeline


by Rena

Baking animation by Rena Goff


1870s New Foods

  • Saccharin
  • Cubed sugar
  • Synthetic vanilla
  • Rootbeer
  • Wheatena
  • Nestle’s Infant Milk Food
  • Milk chocolate
  • Ice cream soda
  • Commercial production of margarine
  • Japanese beef-eating taboo ends (c. 1870)
  • Chewing Gum from chicle
  • Tone Brothers [spices and coffee]

1870s New Cooking Gadgets

  • Can opener with cutting wheel.
  • Four-tined silver fork, beginning the end of eating with knife.
  • Square bottomed paper-bags.

1870s New Food Companies

  • Lipton
  • Pillsbury & Co.
  • F. & J. Heinz
  • Quaker Mills
  • Hills Brothers
  • Grand Union Tea Co.
  • Confectioner’s Journal

1870s Food Industry Beginnings

  • Milking machines
  • Glass milk bottles
  • Orange crates
  • Pressure cooking in food canning: 1874
  • Frozen meat shipments: 1877
  • Mechanical cream separator
  • Porcelain rollers make roller-milling flour (wheat germ removal) standard practice
  • William Underwood first to register U.S. food trademark (Red Devil)

1870s Farming Progress

  • Bison herds disappearing
  • Large US agricultural exports
  • European farm land shortage
  • Quantity banana imports to US
  • Long-distance cattle driving
  • Barbed wire fences
  • Vast US acreage for farming and cattle ranches

1870s Timelines


by Rena

1880s kitchen

1880s School of Cookery

mason jar.

1880s New Cooking Gadgets

Hand cream-separators
Lenox China
Ball-Mason jars introduced [invented in 1857]

1880s New Foods

  • Malted milk
  • Powdered pea and beet soups
  • Evaporated milk
  • Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour
  • Coca-Cola
  • Moxie
  • Dr. Pepper
  • Thomas’s English muffins
  • Oscar Mayer wieners
  • Salada Tea
  • Tetley Tea
  • Log Cabin Syrup
  • Morton’s salt
  • Canned meat and fruit in stores: 1880

1880s New Food Companies

  • McCormick Spices
  • R. T. French
  • Maxwell House
  • B. H. Kroger
  • ConAgra
  • White Lily Foods
  • Lever Brothers
  • Calumet Baking Powder
  • Diamond Crystal Salt
  • American Cereal
  • Manischewitz
  • Pillsbury-Washburn Flour Mills
  • L’Ecole de Cordon Bleu

    1880s Food Industry Beginnings

  • Packaging of grain commodities
  • Efficiencies in railroad meat shipments
  • Pea-viner and podder machine
  • Commercial aluminum production
  • Ice-making plants start replacing ice-cutting industry
  • Self-service restaurant
  • Vending machines for gum 1888

    1880s Farming Progress

  • Long cattle-drives end as railroads enter Texas



by Rena

1899 cook book, American Pure Food Cook Book & Household Economist.

1890s New Cooking Gadgets

  • Electric range (though unreliable)
  • Aluminum saucepan
  • Chantilly silver pattern

1890s New Foods

  • Minute Tapioca
  • Condensed soup
  • Fig Newtons
  • Canned pineapple
  • Knox’s Gelatin
  • Shredded Wheat
  • Canada Dry Ginger Ale
  • Grape Nuts
  • Cream of Wheat
  • Postum
  • Jell-O
  • Tootsie Rolls, 1896
  • Swans Down Cake Flour
  • Uneeda Biscuits
  • Entenmann bakery products
  • Pepsi-Cola
  • Wesson Oil
  • Cracker Jacks
  • Bottled Coca-Cola
  • Crepes Suzettes
  • Oysters Rockefeller
  • Published brownie recipe
  • US brunch fashionable English lunch
  • S&H Food Stamps
  • Public school hot lunches
  • Beef Stroganoff

1890s New Food Companies

  • Quaker Oats
  • Beech-Nut
  • Beatrice Foods
  • National Biscuit
  • Baker’s Coconut
  • Smucker
  • Hobart
  • American Beet Sugar

1890s Food Industry Beginnings

  • Bottle capping machine
  • Vacuum flask
  • Automatic bottle-blowing machine
  • Electric coffee mill
  • Diner
  • Full page food ad in national magazine (Van Camp in 1894)
  • Coca-Cola Company bought for $2,300
  • US pizza parlor
  • 57 Varieties ad campaign
  • Campbell adopts red & white labels (inspired by Cornell football uniforms)

1890s Farming Progress

  • US gasoline tractor
  • Butterfat measurement
  • Wheat futures hedging

1890s Timelines

Flickr has some great kitchen pictures…I’ve sorted through to find the best kitchen scenes. To help navigate, each picture opens in a new window.

Vintage Reinactments – Fun to ham it up!

Good Old Days

Tradition Lives On…

Flickr Groups


You want to get amazing ideas for your kitchen–besides creating a scrapbook or a desire wheel from tearing magazine pages, try a home-kitchen fundraising tour!


  • Madison County, Huntsville: Annual Kitchens for CASA
  • California

  • San Mateo: Baywood Kitchen Tour
  • Belvedere-Hawthorne Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Lafayette Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Palo Alto Woman’s Club Spring Kitchen Tour
  • California, Pasadena: ASID Annual Home and Kitchen Tour
  • Rockridge: Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Yolo County Red Cross Heart of the Home Kitchen Tour

  • Connecticut

  • Falls Village: Housatonic Valley Kitchen Tour
  • Colorado

  • Denver: Annual Junior League of Denver Kitchen Tour
  • Delaware

  • New Castle County, Wilmington: Residents of Old Wilmington Back Door Kitchen Tour
  • New Castle County, Wilmington: Junior League of Wilmington Heart of the Home® Kitchen Tours
  • Florida

  • Dade City: Dade City Woman’s Club Kitchen Tour
  • Tampa: Historic Hyde Park Neighborhood Association’s Annual Home Tour
  • Wabasso: Environmental Studies Council Kitchen Tour

  • Georgia

  • Augusta: Augusta Symphony Guild “Heart of the Home Kitchen Tour
  • Atlanta: The Junior League of Atlanta Tour of Kitchens
  • Illinois

  • Chicago area, Oak Park: Annual Parenthesis Kitchen Walk
  • Southern, Mt. Vernon: Mt. Vernon Rotary Club’s Kitchen Tour
  • Kentucky

  • Henderson: Annual OVAL Kitchen Tour
  • Lexington: Kitchens of the Bluegrass Tour
  • Louisiana

  • New Orleans: Junior League of New Orleans Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Maine

  • Bangor: Eastern Maine Medical Center Auxiliary’s Annual Kitchen Tour

  • Kennebunk: Annual Coastal Kitchen Tour
  • Massachusetts

  • Greater Boston, Bedford: B.E.S.T Renovates Kitchen Tour
  • Greater Boston, Melrose: Annual Kitchens of Melrose
  • Greater Boston, Summerville: Scrumptious Summerville Kitchen Tour
  • Greater Boston, Wellesley: The Wellesley Kitchen Tour
  • North Shore, Wenham: Wenham Museum Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Merrimack Valley, Newburyport: Annual Newburyport Kitchen Tour


  • Minnetonka: Heart of the Home: NCJW’s Progressive Kitchen Tour
  • Missouri

  • St. Louis: Dream Kitchen Tour
  • New Hampshire

  • Manchester: Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Portsmouth: Annual Kitchen Tour
  • New Jersey

  • Bay Head: Kitchen Tour
  • Glen Ridge: Annual Taste of Glen Ridge Kitchen Tour
  • Pennington: Taste of Toll House Kitchen Tour
  • Spring Lake: Kitchen Tour
  • Toms River: Annual White Pine Twig’s Kitchens Tour
  • Westfield: Hearth & Home Kitchen Tour
  • New York

  • Pittsford: Women’s Club of Pittsford Kitchen Tour
  • Syracuse: Westcott Community Center Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Oklahoma

  • Nichols Hill: Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Oklahoma City: Spicing It Up For a Cure Kitchen Tour
  • Oregon

  • Grants Pass: American Association of University Women [AAUM] Annual Kitchen Tour
  • Pennsylvania

  • Greensburg: Annual Art in the Kitchen Tasting Tour
  • Texas

  • Fort Worth: Annual Communities In Schools Kitchens Tour
  • Tennessee

  • Chattanooga: Tour du Jour Kitchen Tour
  • Virginia

  • Roanoke: Annual Virginia Amateur Sports Kitchen Tour
  • Winchester: Annual Kitchen Kapers Tour
  • Washington

  • Walla Walla: Annual Junior League of Denver Kitchen Tour
  • More tours to be found at HouseTourist.com